This study abroad course will explore the historical and contemporary debates pertaining to the place of Muslims in the European political and religious landscape. Students will visit Germany, France, and Britain, three countries with colonial histories that shape contemporary relationships with and understandings of Muslim populations and where religious and racial tensions have heightened in the wake of terrorist attacks, the refugee crisis, and resurgent far right movements. Among the questions that students will consider from an ethical perspective: How have historical tensions between Muslim populations and non-Muslim Europeans shaped contemporary understandings of the place of Muslims in Europe? How have European countries dealt with the economic, cultural, religious, and humanitarian challenges posed by the influx of Muslim migrants and refugees? What can we learn from the political mobilization against Muslims occurring in many European countries? What impact have terrorist attacks had on national security initiatives and counterterrorism policies that target Muslim citizens and residents? How do Muslims fit (or not fit) into various constructions of national European identities?